: : Artificial Emotions as Emergent Phenomena
Although some researchers claim that emotion is unique to mammals, this paper describes a notion of
artificial emotion as a phenomenon resulting from a series of modifications to emergent behaviors
generated by a behavior-based artificial intelligence (AI) approach. Such modifications to behaviors are
caused by stimuli (including those from humans) which a robot receives from its environment. The
paper describes a series of experiments to generate and test artificial emotion using Subsumption
Architecture (SA) robot platforms developed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). A
"hormone mechanism", which is part of the behavior definition language, was used to generate
artificial emotion. In addition, the Action Selection Dynamics (ASD) paradigm proposed by Pattie Maes
as a way to implement Computational Reflection was also tried. The latter is expected to permit us to
investigate more profound ontological issues associated with artificial emotion as part of the
experiments in Computational Reflection.
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